Debt vs. Equity Financing: Which is Better for Your Business?

Building and growing a successful business is never easy. You may need an infusion of outside capital to start or expand your operations. There are two main ways that businesses raise money: 

  • Debt financing; and
  • Equity financing. 

There are advantages and disadvantages to each option. Which one is better for a business depends on many different factors. Here, our business accountants provide a brief guide to financing. 

What is Debt Financing?

A company can raise money by taking on debt. Investopedia defines debt financing as the raising of capital through “selling debt instruments.” In effect, the business is taking out a loan. Though, the structure of the loan can vary significantly depending on the specific circumstances. Debt financing might be the right option for your business if you are looking to raise money. Here are three potential benefits of debt financing: 

  1. Retain Full Ownership: When you finance through debt, you will not lose any of your ownership stake in the business. 
  2. Predictable Repayment Terms: Repayment terms are generally negotiated when a debt financing agreement is entered. This makes the terms quite predictable—you will be able to know exactly what you are getting into. 
  3. Tax Deductible Interest Payments: Debt carries interest. While this is a downside, the interest payments made by a business are generally tax deductible. 

What is Equity Financing?

Equity financing is the primary alternative to debt financing. Investopedia defines equity financing as “the process of raising capital through the sale of shares.” In effect, a business owner is selling off some of their ownership interest in the company for money right now. It may be the right choice for your business. Here are two potential benefits of equity financing: 

  1. No Repayment: When you raise money through equity financing, you generally do not need to repay anything. 
  2. Your Debt-to-Equity Ratio Remains Constant: As equity financing does not involve the taking on of debt, a company’s debt-to-equity ratio remains the same—meaning it may be easier to get financing in the future. 

How to Decide Between Debt Financing and Equity Financing

Raising money to build or grow a business is complicated. It is crucial that you understand the advantages and disadvantages of all available options. A business consultant can sit down with you, review your company’s specific financial circumstances, discuss your long-term goals, and help you carefully weigh the pros and cons of debt financing versus equity financing. With deep experience helping entrepreneurs start-up and scale-up successful companies, the business team at Williams Accounting & Consulting is standing by, ready to help you determine the best course of action. 

Get Help From Our Team Today

At Williams Accounting & Consulting, we believe that all of our clients deserve personalized guidance and support. If you have any questions about debt financing or equity financing, we are here to help. Call us now or contact us today to schedule a confidential initial consultation with an experienced business consultant. With office locations in Atlanta and New Orleans, we provide consulting services throughout the entire region. 


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